Management fees, franchise fees and other income were $215 million, down $20 million, or 8.5%, from the fourth quarter of 2007. Management fees decreased 5.6% to $119 million and franchise fees decreased 12.2% to $36 million.
Approximately 57% of the Company’s management and franchise fees are generated in markets outside the United States.
During the fourth quarter of 2008, the Company signed 31 hotel management and franchise contracts representing approximately 6,100 rooms of which 27 are new builds and four are conversions from other brands. At December 31, 2008, the Company had over 425 hotels in the active pipeline representing approximately 100,000 rooms, driven by strong interest in all Starwood brands. Of these rooms, 64% are in the upper upscale and luxury segments and 62% are in international locations.
During the fourth quarter of 2008, 21 new hotels and resorts (representing approximately 4,200 rooms) entered the system, including the Westin Book Cadillac (Detroit, MI, 453 rooms), St. Regis Punta Mita (Nayarit, Mexico, 120 rooms), Aloft Beijing (Beijing, China, 186 rooms), and the Le Méridien Bangkok (Bangkok, Thailand, 282 rooms). Fifteen properties (representing approximately 2,700 rooms) were removed from the system during the quarter.
Owned, Leased and Consolidated Joint Venture Hotels
Worldwide REVPAR for Starwood branded Same-Store Owned Hotels decreased 19.6%. REVPAR at Starwood branded Same-Store Owned Hotels in North America decreased 18.6%. Internationally, Starwood branded Same-Store Owned Hotel REVPAR decreased 21.3% (down 9.1% using constant dollars).
Revenues at Starwood branded Same-Store Owned Hotels in North America decreased 17.4% while costs and expenses decreased 10.3% when compared to 2007. Margins at these hotels decreased 596 basis points.
Revenues at Starwood branded Same-Store Owned Hotels Worldwide decreased 18.6% (down 16.3% in constant dollars) while costs and expenses decreased 13.1% when compared to 2007. Margins at these hotels decreased 479 basis points.